Dragon Fruit Info
GAP Contribution to Value-added Services
Industry, Trade, and Market、Others
Mr. Shinji Ohta
Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) covers organized process management and safe production including farm environment and human resources working at the site. In Japan, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) is promoting GAP which is expected to help farmers find more opportunities to sell their products. MAFF is focused on expansion of global standard in Japan through development of GAP instructors as well as process improvement approaches in agricultural activities. From 2017 to 2020, MAFF was targeting to develop more than 1,000 GAP instructors in Japan and to increase certified farmers three times higher than that of 2016. According to MAFF data, GAP is certified to 5,341 farmers in Japan as of March 31, 2019 (+688 farmers vs. prior year). GAP certificate varies from Japan GAP association at the country level to each prefecture which manages GAP at the local level.
Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI), which was established in 2000, is a global organization providing benchmark of food safety. GAP certifications managed by each country conforms to this GSFI standards. In terms of food safety, Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) is a global standard to secure hygiene management. GFSI benchmark requires HACCP-based process management. In addition to Japan GAP, “Asia GAP” is implemented in Japan by Japan GAP Association to cover food safety concept. Asia GAP certificate is granted to meet GFSI standards. As of March 31, 2019, 1,869 farmers are certified to meet the Asia GAP standard.
In order to promote dragon fruit produced in Asian countries, GAP certificate can be one solution to seek more opportunities in tropical fruit value chain. GAP certificate will be able to convince consumers that the product is safe, of good quality and handled with care. The challenge to have GAP certifications would be the capacity to be compliant to process management and documentation in production, environment, human resources, etc. for agricultural activities. In addition, GAP application requires cost and farmers need to pay for initial audit and periodic review. Considering the situation that main players in Asia Pacific Region are small-sized farmers, networking among farmers would be a possible solution to improve process management. With that network, farmers can share best practices, and education and/or training program can be done to improve production activities among small-scale farmers.
2021 DFNet Workshop - Global/Local GAP Certification to Enhance Market Opportunities – Challenges and Strategies
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cost, education, food safety, GAP, GFSI, HACCP, networking, opportunities, process management
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